For medically fit patients with metastatic bladder cancer, cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy is the standard of care for first-line treatment. The most common systemic regimens include methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (MVAC), either classic or dose-dense MVAC regimens, and doublet therapy with cisplatin and gemcitabine. With cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy, the median progression-free survival is 7 months and median overall survival is 15 months. Although bladder cancer is chemotherapy-sensitive, the risk for recurrence is estimated to be 100%.
Compared with single-agent cisplatin therapy, MVAC has demonstrated improved overall response rates, median progression-free survival, and median overall survival, according to Loehrer Sr and colleagues.
Intravesical chemotherapy may be an option for early-stage localized bladder cancers.
Radical cystectomy may be an option for localized muscle-invasive bladder cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
Learn more about metastatic bladder cancer management.
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Cite this: Kyle A. Richards. Fast Five Quiz: Management of Metastatic Bladder Cancer - Medscape - Mar 24, 2022.