Adults 65 years and older are at increased risk for pneumococcal disease. Adults of all ages are also at increased risk for pneumococcal disease if they have sickle cell disease, no spleen, HIV infection, cancer, or another condition that weakens the immune system; diabetes; nephrotic syndrome; chronic heart, lung, kidney, or liver disease; cochlear implants; cerebrospinal fluid leaks; or alcoholism. Adults who smoke cigarettes are also at increased risk for pneumococcal disease.
The other age-related high-risk group is children younger than 2 years. Young children attending day care are at increased risk of invasive pneumococcal disease and acute otitis media.
Learn more about groups at high risk for pneumococcal disease.
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Cite this: Jocelyn Y. Ang. Fast Five Quiz: Pneumococcal Infections - Medscape - Sep 15, 2021.