The most common cause of fluid and electrolyte disturbances in older adults is dehydration, which can cause significant consequences like changes in mental status, functional status, orthostatic hypotension, and medication sensitivity. These factors affect the rehabilitation process and can also predispose a patient to falls.
A speech-language pathologist can screen for dysphagia and aspiration risk by evaluating the patient's oral motor swallowing skills with a clinical swallow study and/or a video fluoroscopic swallow study.
Learn more about the assessment of malnutrition in older adults.
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Cite this: Nadia Ali. Fast Five Quiz: Presentation and Diagnosis of Nutrition and Malnutrition in Older Adults - Medscape - Jul 13, 2021.