Fast Five Quiz: Omega-3 Fatty Acids (Fish Oil)

Mary L. Windle, PharmD


April 09, 2021

Omega-3 fatty acids benefits have been reported in a wide variety of conditions, with varying degrees of support. This includes cardiovascular disease, cancer prevention, neurologic conditions, ocular conditions, and rheumatoid arthritis. Clinical trials as far back as the 1990s have demonstrated that omega-3 fatty acid supplements reduce the need for anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. A 2020 study found that omega-3 fatty acids may modulate disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. As with other potential benefits, the use of fish oil and other omega-3 supplements in this population remains under investigation.

Whether or not omega-3 fatty acids are associated with increased or decreased prostate cancer risk is still unclear. Likewise, the potential for these agents to help with irritable bowel syndrome has yet to be scientifically proven. Heartburn is a known side effects of fish oil supplementation.

Read more about treatments for rheumatoid arthritis.


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