Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as a persistent abnormality in kidney structure or function (ie, glomerular filtration rate [GFR] < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or albuminuria ≥ 30 mg per 24 hours) for more than 3 months. It is ranked as the 12th leading cause of death among the global population. In 2017, approximately 700 million individuals were living with CKD, which exceeded the prevalence of diabetes, osteoarthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, or depressive disorders. In the same year, CKD was responsible for 1.2 million deaths; by 2040, the number is expected to rise to between 2.2 million (in a best-case scenario) and up to 4.0 million (in a worst-case scenario). The incidence rate of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) among Blacks in the United States is nearly 4 times that for Whites, regardless of baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). But ESKD risk and mortality risk among Black patients was highest at an eGFR of 45-59 mL/min/1.73 m2. Appropriate screening, diagnosis, and management are paramount to prevent adverse CKD-associated outcomes, including cardiovascular disease, ESKD, and death.
How familiar are you with the management of CKD? Test your knowledge with this quick quiz.
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Cite this: A. Brent Alper. Fast Five Quiz: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Management - Medscape - Apr 22, 2021.