Risk factors for severe COVID-19, regardless of age, include the following:
Obesity (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2)
Chronic kidney disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Immunocompromised state due to solid organ transplant
Serious heart conditions (eg, heart failure, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathies)
Sickle cell disease
Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Type 2 diabetes mellitus
The following are underlying conditions that may represent an increased risk for severe COVID-19:
Asthma (moderate to severe)
Immunocompromised state due to blood or bone marrow transplant, immunodeficiencies, HIV infection, corticosteroid use (or other medications that weaken the immune system)
Neurologic conditions (eg, dementia)
Recent studies have shown that the association between the use of ibuprofen or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and increased risk for severe COVID-19 is not well supported. Studies have also not shown an increased risk for severe COVID-19 associated with inflammatory bowel disease. Initial results of a survey of patients with sarcoidosis, a chronic respiratory illness, found that data showed no obvious sign of worse outcomes from COVID-19.
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Any views expressed above are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect the views of WebMD or Medscape.
Cite this: Michael Stuart Bronze. Fast Five Quiz: COVID-19 Clinical Keys - Medscape - Oct 22, 2020.