Fast Five Quiz: Chronic Kidney Disease Complications

A. Brent Alper, Jr, MD, MPH


June 05, 2020

Figure 1. Chronic kidney disease, illustration.

As noted above, CKD is an independent risk factor for CVD. The risk for CVD increases as CKD progresses, which is evidenced by worsening excretory function; in most patients, this manifests as declining glomerular filtration rate and increasing proteinuria.

Patients with CKD have an increased risk for conventional atherosclerotic cardiovascular events, but in most patients, the increased risk is attributed to nonatherosclerotic pathologies, such as left ventricular hypertrophy with diastolic and systolic dysfunction, valvular disease, and arterial calcification. These pathologies can result in atrial and ventricular dysrhythmias, heart failure, and even sudden death.

Learn more about CVD in patients with CKD.


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