Fast Five Quiz: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Comorbidities

Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD


January 21, 2022

Figure 1. Type 2 diabetes and obesity.

Along with hypertension, the majority of patients in the early stages of type 2 DM are overweight or obese. Risk factors for type 2 DM include weight greater than 120% of desirable body weight. In addition to diet and exercise in patients with type 2 DM who are overweight or obese, antiglycemic medications associated with weight loss (eg, glucagon-like peptide-1 [GLP-1] receptor agonists, sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 [SGLT2] inhibitors) are suggested in addition to metformin. Metformin is also recommended in patients with type 2 DM who require insulin.

Cardiovascular disease, diabetic neuropathy, and chronic kidney disease are comorbidities that are more prevalent in patients with advanced type 2 DM.

Learn more about obesity in patients with type 2 DM.


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