Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the most common interstitial lung disease. Although the cause of IPF is unknown, factors thought to increase an individual's risk of developing IPF include a history of smoking, gastroesophageal reflux disease, environmental exposures, and genetic predispositions.
Patients with IPF present with fatigue, dry cough, and progressive respiratory distress of more than 6 months, with no improvement of symptoms despite treatment with antibiotics and corticosteroids. The clinical course of IPF is complicated and the prognosis is poor, with a median survival of 3-5 years from diagnosis.
Early diagnosis of IPF and initiation of treatment are essential to improve patient outcomes. The 2018 updated clinical practice guidelines for IPF by the American Thoracic Society, European Respiratory Society, Japanese Respiratory Society, and Latin American Thoracic Society include recommendations to facilitate early diagnosis and provide guidance on treatment.
How much do you know about IPF treatment? Test your knowledge with this quick quiz.
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Cite this: Guy W. Soo Hoo, Zab Mosenifar. Fast Five Quiz: Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Treatment - Medscape - May 12, 2022.