According to guidelines from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and the American Heart Association, metabolic syndrome is diagnosed when a patient has at least three of the following five conditions:
Fasting glucose level ≥ 100 mg/dL (or receiving drug therapy for hyperglycemia)
Blood pressure ≥ 130/85 mm Hg (or receiving drug therapy for hypertension)
Triglyceride level ≥ 150 mg/dL (or receiving drug therapy for hypertriglyceridemia)
HDL-C level < 40 mg/dL in men or < 50 mg/dL in women (or receiving drug therapy for reduced HDL-C level)
Waist circumference ≥ 40 in in men or ≥ 35 in in women; if Asian American, ≥ 35 in in men or ≥ 32 in in women
For more on the presentation of metabolic syndrome, read here.
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Cite this: Romesh Khardori. Fast Five Quiz: How Much Do You Know About Metabolic Syndrome? - Medscape - Jun 27, 2018.