Fast Five Quiz: Test Your Knowledge on Key Aspects of Heart Failure

Yasmine S. Ali, MD, MSCI


December 22, 2021

Thyrotoxicosis, multiple myeloma, and profound anemia are high-output states that can precipitate the clinical presentation of HF. Others include:

  • Myxedema

  • Paget disease of bone

  • Albright syndrome

  • Glomerulonephritis

  • Cor pulmonale

  • Polycythemia vera

  • Obesity

  • Carcinoid syndrome

  • Pregnancy

  • Nutritional deficiencies (eg, thiamine deficiency, beriberi)

The most common cause of decompensation in a previously compensated patient with heart failure is inappropriate reduction in the intensity of treatment, such as drug regimen reduction. Uncontrolled hypertension and cardiac arrhythmias (most commonly atrial fibrillation) are other common causes of decompensation.

Learn more about the etiology of HF.


Comments on Medscape are moderated and should be professional in tone and on topic. You must declare any conflicts of interest related to your comments and responses. Please see our Commenting Guide for further information. We reserve the right to remove posts at our sole discretion.