Fast Five Quiz: Test Your Knowledge on Key Aspects of Heart Failure

Yasmine S. Ali, MD, MSCI


December 22, 2021

Heart failure (HF) is the pathophysiologic state in which the heart, via an abnormality of cardiac function, fails to pump blood at a rate appropriate for the requirements of the metabolizing tissues or is only able to do so with an elevated diastolic filling pressure. HF is a worldwide problem that affects more than 64 million individuals. Risk factors vary substantially, although hypertension is universally associated with HF. One-year mortality rates vary around the globe and increase following a hospitalization for decompensated HF.

The most common cause of heart failure in industrialized countries is ischemic cardiomyopathy; other causes, such as Chagas disease and valvular cardiomyopathy, assume a more important role in developing countries. In developing nations that have become more urbanized and more affluent, eating a more processed diet and leading a more sedentary lifestyle have resulted in an increased rate of HF, diabetes, and hypertension.

Are you familiar with the key aspects of HF? Test yourself with this quick quiz.


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