The human enteroviruses are ubiquitous viruses that are transmitted from person to person via direct contact with virus shed from the gastrointestinal or upper respiratory tract. Poliovirus, the prototypical enterovirus, can cause a subclinical or mild illness, aseptic meningitis, or paralytic poliomyelitis. The nonpolio viruses (group A and group B coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, enteroviruses) are responsible for a wide spectrum of diseases in persons of all ages, but infection and illness occur most commonly in infants.
Although typically rare, an outbreak of enterovirus D68 began this summer and spread from coast to coast, hospitalizing children across the country, with only supportive treatment possible. Do you know the most common types, what symptoms to watch for, and what tests to order? Find out with our quick quiz.
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Cite this: Fast Five Quiz: Do You Know How Best to Approach Suspected Enterovirus D68 Cases? - Medscape - Nov 04, 2014.