prednisolone ophthalmic (Rx)

Brand and Other Names:Pred Forte, Pred Mild, more...Inflamase Mild, Omnipred, Econopred Plus, Inflamase Forte
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Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatric

Dosage Forms & Strengths

ophthalmic suspension

  • 0.12%
  • 1%

ophthalmic solution

  • 0.11%
  • 0.9%
  • 1%

Ophthalmic Inflammatory Conditions

1-2 gtt of 1% solution BID-QID (may be more frequent during initial 24-48 hr)

Conjunctivitis

1-2 gtt of 1% solution BID-QID (may be more frequent during initial 24-48 hr)

See also combo with gentamicin

Other Indications & Uses

Ocular corticosteroid, antiinflammatory agent

Effective in iritis, keratitis, conjunctivitis, and many ocular inflammatory diseases; bacterial and viral infections require concomitant antibacterial and antiviral coverage, respectively

Dosage Forms & Strengths

ophthalmic suspension

  • 0.12%
  • 1%

ophthalmic solution

  • 0.11%
  • 0.9%
  • 1%

Ophthalmic Inflammatory Conditions

1-2 gtt of 1% solution BID-QID (may be more frequent during initial 24-48 hr)

Conjunctivitis

1-2 gtt of 1% solution BID-QID (may be more frequent during initial 24-48 hr)

See also combo with gentamicin

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Adverse Effects

Frequency Not Defined

Increased IOP

Ocular hypertension

Conjunctival hyperemia

Conjuctivitis

Corneal ulcers

Delayed wound healing

Glaucoma

Keratitis

Loss of accommodation

Optic nerve damage

Mydriasis

Posterior subcapsular cataract formation

Ptosis

Secondary ocular infection

Hypercorticoidism (rare)

Postmarketing Reports

Eye pain

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Warnings

Contraindications

Hypersensitivity

Acute untreated purulent ocular infections, in most viral diseases of cornea and conjunctiva including epithelial herpes simplex keratitis (dendritic keratitis), vaccinia, and varicella, and also in mycobacterial infection of the eye and fungal diseases of ocular structures

Cautions

Use ocular steroids cautiously

Prolonged use of corticosteroids may result in posterior subcapsular cataract formation and may increase intraocular pressure in susceptible individuals, resulting in glaucoma with damage to the optic nerve, defects in visual acuity and fields of vision

Prolonged use may also suppress the host immune response and thus increase the hazard of secondary ocular infections

Routinely monitor intraocular pressure if this product is used for 10 days or longer

Use caution in the presence of glaucoma; frequently check intraocular pressure

Various ocular diseases and long-term use of topical corticosteroids have been known to cause corneal and scleral thinning

Use of topical corticosteroids in the presence of thin corneal or scleral tissue may lead to perforation

Acute purulent infections of the eye may be masked or activity enhanced by the presence of corticosteroid medication

The use of steroids after cataract surgery may delay healing and increase the incidence of bleb formation

Use of ocular steroids may prolong the course and may exacerbate the severity of many viral infections of the eye (including herpes simplex)

Employment of a corticosteroid medication in the treatment of patients with a history of herpes simplex requires great caution; frequent slit lamp microscopy is recommended

Suspension formulation contains sodium bisulfite, a sulfite that may cause allergic-type reactions, including anaphylactic symptoms and life-threatening or less severe asthmatic episodes in certain susceptible people

The overall prevalence of sulfite sensitivity in the general population is unknown and probably low; sulfite sensitivity is seen more frequently in asthmatic than in non-asthmatic people

The initial prescription and renewal of medication order beyond 20 milliliters of suspension should be made by a physician only after examination of the patient with the aid of magnification, such as slit-lamp biomicroscopy, and, where appropriate, fluorescein staining; if signs and symptoms fail to improve after 2 days, the patient should be re-evaluated

As fungal infections of the cornea are particularly prone to develop coincidentally with long-term local corticosteroid applications, fungal invasion should be suspected in any persistent corneal ulceration where a corticosteroid has been used or is in use; fungal cultures should be taken when appropriately

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Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy Category: C

Lactation: not known if distributed in milk

Pregnancy Categories

A: Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

B: May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

C: Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

D: Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

X: Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

NA: Information not available.

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Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

Inhibits edema, fibrin deposition, capillary dilation, and phagocytic response of acute inflammation; also inhibits capillary proliferation, collagen deposition, and scar formation

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption: Corneal penetration is good; absorbed into aqueous humor and some systemic absorption

Excretion: Urine

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Images

BRAND FORM. UNIT PRICE PILL IMAGE
Pred Forte ophthalmic (eye)
-
1 % drops
Pred Forte ophthalmic (eye)
-
1 % drops
Pred Forte ophthalmic (eye)
-
1 % drops
Pred Forte ophthalmic (eye)
-
1 % drops
prednisolone acetate ophthalmic (eye)
-
1 % drops
prednisolone acetate ophthalmic (eye)
-
1 % drops
prednisolone acetate ophthalmic (eye)
-
1 % drops
prednisolone acetate ophthalmic (eye)
-
1 % drops
prednisolone acetate ophthalmic (eye)
-
1 % drops
prednisolone acetate ophthalmic (eye)
-
1 % drops
Pred Mild ophthalmic (eye)
-
0.12 % drops
Pred Mild ophthalmic (eye)
-
0.12 % drops

Copyright © 2010 First DataBank, Inc.

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Patient Handout

Patient Education
prednisolone acetate ophthalmic (eye)

PREDNISOLONE - OPHTHALMIC

(pred-NIS-oh-loan)

COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Pred Forte, Pred Mild

USES: This medication is used to treat certain eye conditions due to inflammation or injury. Prednisolone works by relieving symptoms such as swelling, redness, and itching. It belongs to a class of drugs known as corticosteroids.

HOW TO USE: Unless otherwise directed by your doctor, do not wear contact lenses while you are using this medicine. Sterilize contact lenses according to the manufacturer's directions, and check with your doctor before you begin using them again.If your doctor does approve the wearing of contact lenses during treatment with this medication, remove the lenses before using the eye drops. The preservative in this product may be absorbed by contact lenses. Wait at least 15 minutes after each dose of the eye drop before wearing the lenses again.To apply eye drops, wash your hands first. If you are using a suspension form of this medication, shake the bottle well before using. To avoid contamination, do not touch the dropper tip or let it touch your eye or any other surface.Tilt your head back, look upward, and pull down the lower eyelid to make a pouch. Hold the dropper directly over your eye and place 1 drop into the pouch. Look downward and gently close your eyes for 1 to 2 minutes. Place one finger at the corner of your eye (near the nose) and apply gentle pressure. This will prevent the medication from draining out. Try not to blink and do not rub your eye. Repeat these steps for your other eye if so directed and if your dose is for more than 1 drop.Apply as often as directed by your doctor. Do not rinse the dropper. Replace the dropper cap after each use.If you are using another kind of eye medication (for example, other drops or ointments), wait at least 5 to 10 minutes before applying other medications. Use eye drops before eye ointments to allow the drops to enter the eye.Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, use it at the same time(s) each day.The dosage and length of treatment are based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Do not use this medication more often or for longer than prescribed because doing so may increase your risk of side effects.Continue to use this medication for the full time prescribed. Do not stop using this medication without consulting your doctor. Some conditions may become worse when the drug is suddenly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually decreased.Do not use this product if it becomes contaminated (for example, drops turn a dark color). Use of contaminated eye medication can cause infection, serious damage to the eye, and loss of vision. Contact your doctor or pharmacist for more information.Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve after 2 days or if it worsens.

SIDE EFFECTS: Rarely, stinging/burning of the eyes for 1 to 2 minutes may occur when you apply this medication. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.Remember that this medication has been prescribed because your doctor has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.Use of this medication for prolonged periods or in high doses may cause serious eye problems (such as high pressure inside the eyes and cataracts). Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: vision problems, eye pain.This medication may mask the signs of an eye infection. It may also put you at greater risk of developing an eye infection, especially with prolonged use. Report any new or worsening symptoms such as eye discharge/swelling/redness, vision problems, or no improvement of your current eye condition. Your doctor will need to adjust your treatment.Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: headache, dizziness.A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

PRECAUTIONS: Before using prednisolone, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients (such as sulfites found in some brands), which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: eye infections, recent eye surgery, cataracts, glaucoma (open-angle type), severe nearsightedness (myopia), diabetes.After you apply this drug, your vision may become temporarily unstable. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely.Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).If you develop a new eye infection or injury, or require eye surgery, ask your doctor if you should continue to use your current bottle of prednisolone eye drops or start a new bottle.During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.It is not known if the medication in this product passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: The effects of some drugs can change if you take other drugs or herbal products at the same time. This can increase your risk for serious side effects or may cause your medications not to work correctly. These drug interactions are possible, but do not always occur. Your doctor or pharmacist can often prevent or manage interactions by changing how you use your medications or by close monitoring.To help your doctor and pharmacist give you the best care, be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products) before starting treatment with this product. While using this product, do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any other medicines you are using without your doctor's approval.Keep a list of all the products you use. Share the list with your doctor and pharmacist to reduce your risk for serious medication problems.

OVERDOSE: This medicine may be harmful if swallowed. If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call a poison control center right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.

NOTES: Do not share this medication with others.This medication has been prescribed for your current condition only. Do not use it later for another eye condition unless told to do so by your doctor. A different medication may be necessary in that case.Laboratory and/or medical tests (such as eye exams, measurement of the pressure inside the eyes) may be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. Use your next dose at the regular time. Do not double the dose to catch up.

STORAGE: Store at room temperature away from light. Different brands of this medication have different storage needs. Check the product package for instructions on how to store your brand, or ask your pharmacist. Do not freeze. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep the bottle upright and tightly closed when not in use. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.

Information last revised August 2021. Copyright(c) 2021 First Databank, Inc.

IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

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Formulary

FormularyPatient Discounts

Adding plans allows you to compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.

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Adding plans allows you to:

  • View the formulary and any restrictions for each plan.
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The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.

Tier Description
1 This drug is available at the lowest co-pay. Most commonly, these are generic drugs.
2 This drug is available at a middle level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "preferred" (on formulary) brand drugs.
3 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs.
4 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
5 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
6 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
NC NOT COVERED – Drugs that are not covered by the plan.
Code Definition
PA Prior Authorization
Drugs that require prior authorization. This restriction requires that specific clinical criteria be met prior to the approval of the prescription.
QL Quantity Limits
Drugs that have quantity limits associated with each prescription. This restriction typically limits the quantity of the drug that will be covered.
ST Step Therapy
Drugs that have step therapy associated with each prescription. This restriction typically requires that certain criteria be met prior to approval for the prescription.
OR Other Restrictions
Drugs that have restrictions other than prior authorization, quantity limits, and step therapy associated with each prescription.
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Medscape prescription drug monographs are based on FDA-approved labeling information, unless otherwise noted, combined with additional data derived from primary medical literature.