ketoprofen (Rx, OTC)

Brand and Other Names:Nexcede
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Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatricGeriatric

Dosage Forms & Strengths

tablet/capsule

  • 50mg
  • 75mg

capsule, extended-release

  • 200mg

oral film

  • 12.5mg (OTC)

Pain Management

Immediate-release: 25-50 mg PO q6-8hr as necessary

Extended-release: 200 mg PO qDay; not recommended for acute pain

Rheumatoid Arthritis or Osteoarthritis

Immediate-release: 75 mg PO q8hr or 50 mg PO q6hr

Extended-release: 200 mg PO qDay

Dysmenorrhea

Immediate-release: 25-50 mg q6-8hr PRN

Extended-release: Not recommended for acute pain

Administration

Take with food or 8-12 oz water to avoid GI effects

Other Indications & Uses

Gout

Off-label: vascular headache

Safety and efficacy not established

Pain Management

Initial: 25-50 mg PO q6-8hr; increase to 150-300 mg/day; not to exceed 300 mg

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Interactions

Interaction Checker

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              Serious - Use Alternative (19)

              • aminolevulinic acid oral

                aminolevulinic acid oral, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid administering other phototoxic drugs with aminolevulinic acid oral for 24 hr during perioperative period.

              • aminolevulinic acid topical

                ketoprofen, aminolevulinic acid topical. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Each drug may increase the photosensitizing effect of the other.

              • apixaban

                ketoprofen and apixaban both increase anticoagulation. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

              • benazepril

                ketoprofen, benazepril. pharmacodynamic antagonism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Coadministration may result in a significant decrease in renal function. NSAIDs may diminish the antihypertensive effect of ACE inhibitors. The mechanism of these interactions is likely related to the ability of NSAIDs to reduce the synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins.

              • captopril

                ketoprofen, captopril. pharmacodynamic antagonism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Coadministration may result in a significant decrease in renal function. NSAIDs may diminish the antihypertensive effect of ACE inhibitors. The mechanism of these interactions is likely related to the ability of NSAIDs to reduce the synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins.

              • enalapril

                ketoprofen, enalapril. pharmacodynamic antagonism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Coadministration may result in a significant decrease in renal function. NSAIDs may diminish the antihypertensive effect of ACE inhibitors. The mechanism of these interactions is likely related to the ability of NSAIDs to reduce the synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins.

              • fosinopril

                ketoprofen, fosinopril. pharmacodynamic antagonism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Coadministration may result in a significant decrease in renal function. NSAIDs may diminish the antihypertensive effect of ACE inhibitors. The mechanism of these interactions is likely related to the ability of NSAIDs to reduce the synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins.

              • ketorolac

                ketoprofen, ketorolac. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Contraindicated.

              • ketorolac intranasal

                ketoprofen, ketorolac intranasal. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Contraindicated.

              • lisinopril

                ketoprofen, lisinopril. pharmacodynamic antagonism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Coadministration may result in a significant decrease in renal function. NSAIDs may diminish the antihypertensive effect of ACE inhibitors. The mechanism of these interactions is likely related to the ability of NSAIDs to reduce the synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins.

              • methotrexate

                ketoprofen increases levels of methotrexate by decreasing renal clearance. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant administration of NSAIDs with high dose methotrexate has been reported to elevate and prolong serum methotrexate levels, resulting in deaths from severe hematologic and GI toxicity. NSAIDs may reduce tubular secretion of methotrexate and enhance toxicity. .

              • methyl aminolevulinate

                ketoprofen, methyl aminolevulinate. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Each drug may increase the photosensitizing effect of the other.

              • moexipril

                ketoprofen, moexipril. pharmacodynamic antagonism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Coadministration may result in a significant decrease in renal function. NSAIDs may diminish the antihypertensive effect of ACE inhibitors. The mechanism of these interactions is likely related to the ability of NSAIDs to reduce the synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins.

              • pemetrexed

                ketoprofen increases levels of pemetrexed by unspecified interaction mechanism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Interrupt dosing in all patients taking NSAIDs with long elimination half-lives for at least 5d before, the day of, and 2d following pemetrexed administration. If coadministration of an NSAID is necessary, closely monitor patients for toxicity, especially myelosuppression, renal toxicity, and GI toxicity.

              • perindopril

                ketoprofen, perindopril. pharmacodynamic antagonism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Coadministration may result in a significant decrease in renal function. NSAIDs may diminish the antihypertensive effect of ACE inhibitors. The mechanism of these interactions is likely related to the ability of NSAIDs to reduce the synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins.

              • quinapril

                ketoprofen, quinapril. pharmacodynamic antagonism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Coadministration may result in a significant decrease in renal function. NSAIDs may diminish the antihypertensive effect of ACE inhibitors. The mechanism of these interactions is likely related to the ability of NSAIDs to reduce the synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins.

              • ramipril

                ketoprofen, ramipril. pharmacodynamic antagonism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Coadministration may result in a significant decrease in renal function. NSAIDs may diminish the antihypertensive effect of ACE inhibitors. The mechanism of these interactions is likely related to the ability of NSAIDs to reduce the synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins.

              • tacrolimus

                ketoprofen, tacrolimus. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Comment: Concomitant administration increases risk of nephrotoxicity.

              • trandolapril

                ketoprofen, trandolapril. pharmacodynamic antagonism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Coadministration may result in a significant decrease in renal function. NSAIDs may diminish the antihypertensive effect of ACE inhibitors. The mechanism of these interactions is likely related to the ability of NSAIDs to reduce the synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins.

              Monitor Closely (236)

              • acebutolol

                acebutolol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of acebutolol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • aceclofenac

                aceclofenac and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                aceclofenac and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • acemetacin

                acemetacin and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                acemetacin and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • agrimony

                ketoprofen and agrimony both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • albuterol

                ketoprofen increases and albuterol decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • alfalfa

                ketoprofen and alfalfa both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • alfuzosin

                ketoprofen decreases effects of alfuzosin by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • aliskiren

                ketoprofen will decrease the level or effect of aliskiren by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. In patients who are elderly, volume-depleted (including those on diuretic therapy), or with compromised renal function, coadministration of NSAIDs with drugs that affect RAAS may increase the risk of renal impairment (including acute renal failure) and cause loss of antihypertensive effect. Monitor renal function periodically.

              • alteplase

                ketoprofen and alteplase both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor. Potential for increased risk of bleeding, caution is advised.

              • American ginseng

                ketoprofen and American ginseng both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • amiloride

                amiloride and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • antithrombin alfa

                antithrombin alfa and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • antithrombin III

                antithrombin III and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • arformoterol

                ketoprofen increases and arformoterol decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • argatroban

                argatroban and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • asenapine

                ketoprofen decreases effects of asenapine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • aspirin

                aspirin and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                aspirin and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • aspirin rectal

                aspirin rectal and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                aspirin rectal and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • aspirin/citric acid/sodium bicarbonate

                aspirin/citric acid/sodium bicarbonate and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                aspirin/citric acid/sodium bicarbonate and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • atenolol

                atenolol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of atenolol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • azficel-T

                azficel-T, ketoprofen. Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Patients taking NSAIDS may experience increased bruising or bleeding at biopsy and/or injection sites. Concomitant use of NSAIDs is not recommended.

              • azilsartan

                ketoprofen, azilsartan. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of azilsartan by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. NSAIDs decrease synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins, and thus affect fluid homeostasis and may diminish antihypertensive effect.

              • bemiparin

                bemiparin and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • benazepril

                benazepril, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • bendroflumethiazide

                ketoprofen increases and bendroflumethiazide decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • betaxolol

                betaxolol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of betaxolol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • betrixaban

                ketoprofen, betrixaban. Either increases levels of the other by anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • bimatoprost

                bimatoprost, ketoprofen. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. There are conflicting reports from studies of either increased or decreased IOP when ophthalmic prostaglandins are coadministered with NSAIDs (either systemic or ophthalmic).

              • bisoprolol

                bisoprolol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of bisoprolol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • bivalirudin

                bivalirudin and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • budesonide

                ketoprofen, budesonide. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of GI ulceration.

              • bumetanide

                ketoprofen increases and bumetanide decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of bumetanide by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • candesartan

                candesartan and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of candesartan by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. NSAIDs decrease synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins, and thus affect fluid homeostasis and may diminish antihypertensive effect.

                candesartan, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • captopril

                captopril, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • carbenoxolone

                ketoprofen increases and carbenoxolone decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • carvedilol

                carvedilol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of carvedilol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • celecoxib

                celecoxib and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                celecoxib and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • celiprolol

                celiprolol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of celiprolol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • chlorothiazide

                ketoprofen increases and chlorothiazide decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • chlorpropamide

                ketoprofen increases effects of chlorpropamide by unknown mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Risk of hypoglycemia.

              • chlorthalidone

                ketoprofen increases and chlorthalidone decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • choline magnesium trisalicylate

                ketoprofen and choline magnesium trisalicylate both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and choline magnesium trisalicylate both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • cinnamon

                ketoprofen and cinnamon both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • ciprofloxacin

                ketoprofen, ciprofloxacin. Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Comment: Mechanism: unknown. Increased risk of CNS stimulation and seizures with high doses of fluoroquinolones.

              • citalopram

                citalopram, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of upper GI bleeding. If possible, avoid concurrent use.

              • clobetasone

                ketoprofen, clobetasone. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of GI ulceration.

              • clomipramine

                clomipramine, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of upper GI bleeding. Clomipramine inhib. serotonin uptake by platelets.

              • clopidogrel

                clopidogrel, ketoprofen. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Clopidogrel and NSAIDs both inhibit platelet aggregation.

              • cordyceps

                ketoprofen and cordyceps both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • cortisone

                ketoprofen, cortisone. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of GI ulceration.

              • cyclopenthiazide

                ketoprofen increases and cyclopenthiazide decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • cyclosporine

                ketoprofen, cyclosporine. Either increases toxicity of the other by nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • dabigatran

                dabigatran and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor. Caution is advised, both drugs have the potential to cause bleeding. Concomitant use may increase risk of bleeding.

              • dalteparin

                dalteparin and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • deferasirox

                deferasirox, ketoprofen. Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Combination may increase GI bleeding, ulceration and irritation. Use with caution.

              • defibrotide

                defibrotide increases effects of ketoprofen by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor. Defibrotide may enhance effects of platelet inhibitors.

              • deflazacort

                ketoprofen, deflazacort. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of GI ulceration.

              • dexamethasone

                ketoprofen, dexamethasone. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of GI ulceration.

              • diclofenac

                diclofenac and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                diclofenac and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • diflunisal

                diflunisal and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                diflunisal and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • digoxin

                ketoprofen and digoxin both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • dobutamine

                ketoprofen increases and dobutamine decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • dong quai

                ketoprofen and dong quai both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • dopexamine

                ketoprofen increases and dopexamine decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • doxazosin

                ketoprofen decreases effects of doxazosin by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • drospirenone

                drospirenone and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • duloxetine

                duloxetine, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of upper GI bleeding. SSRIs inhib. serotonin uptake by platelets.

              • edoxaban

                edoxaban, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by anticoagulation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Both drugs have the potential to cause bleeding, monitor closely. Promptly evaluate any signs or symptoms of blood loss.

              • eltrombopag

                eltrombopag increases levels of ketoprofen by decreasing metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. UGT inhibition; significance of interaction unclear.

              • elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF

                elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by decreasing renal clearance. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Toxicity may result from coadministration of emtricitabine and tenofovir with other drugs that are also primarily excreted by glomerular filtration and/or active tubular secretion including high-dose or multiple-dose NSAIDs; alternatives to NSAIDs should be considered.

              • emtricitabine

                emtricitabine, ketoprofen. Either increases levels of the other by decreasing renal clearance. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Toxicity may result from coadministration of emtricitabine with other drugs that are also primarily excreted by glomerular filtration and/or active tubular secretion including high-dose or multiple-dose NSAIDs; alternatives to NSAIDs should be considered.

              • enalapril

                enalapril, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • enoxaparin

                enoxaparin and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • ephedrine

                ketoprofen increases and ephedrine decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • epinephrine

                ketoprofen increases and epinephrine decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • epinephrine racemic

                ketoprofen increases and epinephrine racemic decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • epoprostenol

                ketoprofen and epoprostenol both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • eprosartan

                eprosartan and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of eprosartan by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. NSAIDs decrease synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins, and thus affect fluid homeostasis and may diminish antihypertensive effect.

                eprosartan, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • escitalopram

                escitalopram, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of upper GI bleeding. SSRIs inhib. serotonin uptake by platelets.

              • esmolol

                esmolol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of esmolol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • ethacrynic acid

                ketoprofen increases and ethacrynic acid decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • etodolac

                etodolac and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                etodolac and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • fennel

                ketoprofen and fennel both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • fenoprofen

                fenoprofen and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                fenoprofen and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • feverfew

                ketoprofen and feverfew both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • fish oil triglycerides

                fish oil triglycerides will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor. Prolonged bleeding reported in patients taking antiplatelet agents or anticoagulants and oral omega-3 fatty acids. Periodically monitor bleeding time in patients receiving fish oil triglycerides and concomitant antiplatelet agents or anticoagulants.

              • flucloxacillin

                flucloxacillin, ketoprofen. Either increases levels of the other by plasma protein binding competition. Use Caution/Monitor.

                flucloxacillin, ketoprofen. Either increases levels of the other by decreasing renal clearance. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • fludrocortisone

                ketoprofen, fludrocortisone. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of GI ulceration.

              • fluoxetine

                fluoxetine, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of upper GI bleeding. SSRIs inhib. serotonin uptake by platelets.

              • flurbiprofen

                flurbiprofen and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                flurbiprofen and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • fluvoxamine

                fluvoxamine, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of upper GI bleeding SSRIs inhib. serotonin uptake by platelets.

              • fondaparinux

                fondaparinux and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • formoterol

                ketoprofen increases and formoterol decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • forskolin

                ketoprofen and forskolin both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • fosinopril

                fosinopril, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • furosemide

                ketoprofen increases and furosemide decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • garlic

                ketoprofen and garlic both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • gemifloxacin

                gemifloxacin, ketoprofen. Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Comment: Increased risk of CNS stimulation and seizures with high doses of fluoroquinolones.

              • gentamicin

                ketoprofen increases and gentamicin decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • ginger

                ketoprofen and ginger both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • ginkgo biloba

                ketoprofen and ginkgo biloba both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • glimepiride

                ketoprofen increases effects of glimepiride by unknown mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Risk of hypoglycemia.

              • glipizide

                ketoprofen increases effects of glipizide by unknown mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Risk of hypoglycemia.

              • glyburide

                ketoprofen increases effects of glyburide by unknown mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Risk of hypoglycemia.

              • green tea

                green tea, ketoprofen. Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Combination may increase risk of bleeding.

              • heparin

                heparin and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • horse chestnut seed

                ketoprofen and horse chestnut seed both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • hydralazine

                ketoprofen decreases effects of hydralazine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • hydrochlorothiazide

                ketoprofen increases and hydrochlorothiazide decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • hydrocortisone

                ketoprofen, hydrocortisone. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of GI ulceration.

              • ibrutinib

                ibrutinib will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor. Ibrutinib may increase the risk of hemorrhage in patients receiving antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapies and monitor for signs of bleeding.

              • ibuprofen

                ibuprofen and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ibuprofen and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • ibuprofen IV

                ibuprofen IV will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ibuprofen IV and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ibuprofen IV and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • imatinib

                imatinib, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Comment: Imatinib may cause thrombocytopenia; bleeding risk increased when imatinib is coadministered with anticoagulants, NSAIDs, platelet inhibitors, and thrombolytic agents.

              • indapamide

                ketoprofen increases and indapamide decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • indomethacin

                indomethacin and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                indomethacin and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • irbesartan

                irbesartan and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of irbesartan by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. NSAIDs decrease synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins, and thus affect fluid homeostasis and may diminish antihypertensive effect.

                irbesartan, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • isoproterenol

                ketoprofen increases and isoproterenol decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • ketorolac

                ketoprofen and ketorolac both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and ketorolac both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • ketorolac intranasal

                ketoprofen and ketorolac intranasal both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and ketorolac intranasal both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • labetalol

                labetalol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of labetalol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • latanoprost

                latanoprost, ketoprofen. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. There are conflicting reports from studies of either increased or decreased IOP when ophthalmic prostaglandins are coadministered with NSAIDs (either systemic or ophthalmic).

              • latanoprostene bunod ophthalmic

                latanoprostene bunod ophthalmic, ketoprofen. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. There are conflicting reports from studies of either increased or decreased IOP when ophthalmic prostaglandins are coadministered with NSAIDs (either systemic or ophthalmic).

              • levalbuterol

                ketoprofen increases and levalbuterol decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • levofloxacin

                levofloxacin, ketoprofen. Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Comment: Risk of CNS stimulation/seizure. Mechanism: Displacement of GABA from receptors in brain.

              • levomilnacipran

                levomilnacipran, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. SNRIs may further impair platelet activity in patients taking antiplatelet or anticoagulant drugs.

              • lisinopril

                lisinopril, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • lithium

                ketoprofen increases levels of lithium by decreasing renal clearance. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • lornoxicam

                ketoprofen and lornoxicam both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and lornoxicam both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • losartan

                losartan and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of losartan by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. NSAIDs decrease synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins, and thus affect fluid homeostasis and may diminish antihypertensive effect.

                losartan, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • meclofenamate

                meclofenamate and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                meclofenamate and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • mefenamic acid

                ketoprofen and mefenamic acid both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and mefenamic acid both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • melatonin

                melatonin increases effects of ketoprofen by anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor. Melatonin may decrease prothrombin time.

              • meloxicam

                ketoprofen and meloxicam both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and meloxicam both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • mesalamine

                mesalamine, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Additive nephrotoxicity.

              • metaproterenol

                ketoprofen increases and metaproterenol decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • methyclothiazide

                ketoprofen increases and methyclothiazide decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor. .

              • methylprednisolone

                ketoprofen, methylprednisolone. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of GI ulceration.

              • metolazone

                ketoprofen increases and metolazone decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • metoprolol

                metoprolol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of metoprolol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • milnacipran

                milnacipran, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of upper GI bleeding. SSRIs inhib. serotonin uptake by platelets.

              • mipomersen

                mipomersen, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Both drugs have potential to increase hepatic enzymes; monitor LFTs.

              • mistletoe

                ketoprofen increases and mistletoe decreases anticoagulation. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • moexipril

                moexipril, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • moxifloxacin

                moxifloxacin, ketoprofen. Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Comment: Increased risk of CNS stimulation and seizures with high doses of fluoroquinolones.

              • moxisylyte

                ketoprofen decreases effects of moxisylyte by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • mycophenolate

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of mycophenolate by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • nabumetone

                ketoprofen and nabumetone both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and nabumetone both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • nadolol

                nadolol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of nadolol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • naproxen

                ketoprofen and naproxen both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and naproxen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • nebivolol

                nebivolol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of nebivolol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • nefazodone

                nefazodone, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of upper GI bleeding. SSRIs inhib. serotonin uptake by platelets.

              • nettle

                ketoprofen increases and nettle decreases anticoagulation. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • norepinephrine

                ketoprofen increases and norepinephrine decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • olmesartan

                olmesartan and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of olmesartan by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. NSAIDs decrease synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins, and thus affect fluid homeostasis and may diminish antihypertensive effect.

                olmesartan, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • oxaprozin

                ketoprofen and oxaprozin both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and oxaprozin both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • panax ginseng

                ketoprofen and panax ginseng both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • parecoxib

                ketoprofen and parecoxib both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and parecoxib both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • paroxetine

                paroxetine, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of upper GI bleeding. SSRIs inhib. serotonin uptake by platelets.

              • pau d'arco

                ketoprofen and pau d'arco both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • pegaspargase

                pegaspargase increases effects of ketoprofen by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Increased risk of bleeding events.

              • penbutolol

                penbutolol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of penbutolol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • perindopril

                perindopril, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • phenindione

                phenindione and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • phenoxybenzamine

                ketoprofen decreases effects of phenoxybenzamine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • phentolamine

                ketoprofen decreases effects of phentolamine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • phytoestrogens

                ketoprofen and phytoestrogens both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • pindolol

                pindolol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of pindolol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • pirbuterol

                ketoprofen increases and pirbuterol decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • piroxicam

                ketoprofen and piroxicam both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and piroxicam both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • pivmecillinam

                pivmecillinam, ketoprofen. Either increases levels of the other by plasma protein binding competition. Use Caution/Monitor.

                pivmecillinam, ketoprofen. Either increases levels of the other by decreasing renal clearance. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • potassium acid phosphate

                ketoprofen and potassium acid phosphate both increase serum potassium. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • potassium chloride

                ketoprofen and potassium chloride both increase serum potassium. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • potassium citrate

                ketoprofen and potassium citrate both increase serum potassium. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • potassium iodide

                potassium iodide and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • pralatrexate

                ketoprofen increases levels of pralatrexate by decreasing renal clearance. Use Caution/Monitor. NSAIDs may delay pralatrexate clearance, increasing drug exposure. Adjust the pralatrexate dose as needed.

              • prasugrel

                ketoprofen, prasugrel. Either increases effects of the other by anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor. Chronic use of NSAIDs with prasugrel may increase bleeding risk.

              • prazosin

                ketoprofen decreases effects of prazosin by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • prednisolone

                ketoprofen, prednisolone. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of GI ulceration.

              • prednisone

                ketoprofen, prednisone. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of GI ulceration.

              • probenecid

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of probenecid by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • propranolol

                propranolol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of propranolol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • protamine

                protamine and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • quinapril

                quinapril, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • ramipril

                ramipril, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • reishi

                ketoprofen and reishi both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • reteplase

                ketoprofen and reteplase both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor. Potential for increased risk of bleeding, caution is advised.

              • rivaroxaban

                rivaroxaban, ketoprofen. Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: NSAIDs are known to increase bleeding. Bleeding risk may be increased when NSAIDs are used concomitantly with rivaroxaban. Monitor for signs/symptoms of blood loss.

              • rivastigmine

                rivastigmine increases toxicity of ketoprofen by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor patients for symptoms of active or occult gastrointestinal bleeding.

              • sacubitril/valsartan

                sacubitril/valsartan and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                sacubitril/valsartan, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of sacubitril/valsartan by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. NSAIDs decrease synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins, and thus affect fluid homeostasis and may diminish antihypertensive effect.

              • salicylates (non-asa)

                ketoprofen and salicylates (non-asa) both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and salicylates (non-asa) both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • salmeterol

                ketoprofen increases and salmeterol decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • salsalate

                ketoprofen and salsalate both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and salsalate both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • saw palmetto

                saw palmetto increases toxicity of ketoprofen by unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. May increase risk of bleeding.

              • sertraline

                sertraline, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of upper GI bleeding. SSRIs inhib. serotonin uptake by platelets.

              • Siberian ginseng

                ketoprofen and Siberian ginseng both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • silodosin

                ketoprofen decreases effects of silodosin by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • sodium picosulfate/magnesium oxide/anhydrous citric acid

                ketoprofen, sodium picosulfate/magnesium oxide/anhydrous citric acid. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May be associated with fluid and electrolyte imbalances.

              • sodium sulfate/?magnesium sulfate/potassium chloride

                sodium sulfate/?magnesium sulfate/potassium chloride increases toxicity of ketoprofen by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Coadministration with medications that cause fluid and electrolyte abnormalities may increase the risk of adverse events of seizure, arrhythmias, and renal impairment.

              • sodium sulfate/potassium sulfate/magnesium sulfate

                sodium sulfate/potassium sulfate/magnesium sulfate increases toxicity of ketoprofen by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Coadministration with medications that cause fluid and electrolyte abnormalities may increase the risk of adverse events of seizure, arrhythmias, and renal impairment.

              • sodium sulfate/potassium sulfate/magnesium sulfate/polyethylene glycol

                ketoprofen, sodium sulfate/potassium sulfate/magnesium sulfate/polyethylene glycol. Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Caution when bowel preps are used with drugs that cause SIADH or NSAIDs; increased risk for water retention or electrolyte imbalance.

              • sotalol

                sotalol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of sotalol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • spironolactone

                spironolactone and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • succinylcholine

                ketoprofen and succinylcholine both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • sulfasalazine

                ketoprofen and sulfasalazine both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and sulfasalazine both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • sulindac

                ketoprofen and sulindac both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and sulindac both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • tafluprost

                tafluprost, ketoprofen. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. There are conflicting reports from studies of either increased or decreased IOP when ophthalmic prostaglandins are coadministered with NSAIDs (either systemic or ophthalmic).

              • telmisartan

                telmisartan and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of telmisartan by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. NSAIDs decrease synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins, and thus affect fluid homeostasis and may diminish antihypertensive effect.

                telmisartan, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • temocillin

                temocillin, ketoprofen. Either increases levels of the other by plasma protein binding competition. Use Caution/Monitor.

                temocillin, ketoprofen. Either increases levels of the other by decreasing renal clearance. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • tenecteplase

                ketoprofen and tenecteplase both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor. Potential for increased risk of bleeding, caution is advised.

              • tenofovir DF

                tenofovir DF, ketoprofen. Either increases levels of the other by decreasing renal clearance. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Toxicity may result from coadministration of tenofovir DF with other drugs that are also primarily excreted by glomerular filtration and/or active tubular secretion including high-dose or multiple-dose NSAIDs; alternatives to NSAIDs should be considered.

              • terazosin

                ketoprofen decreases effects of terazosin by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • terbutaline

                ketoprofen increases and terbutaline decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • ticagrelor

                ticagrelor, ketoprofen. Either increases effects of the other by anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of bleeding with use of ticagrelor and chronic NSAID use. .

              • ticarcillin

                ticarcillin, ketoprofen. Either increases levels of the other by plasma protein binding competition. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ticarcillin, ketoprofen. Either increases levels of the other by decreasing renal clearance. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • timolol

                timolol and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of timolol by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Long term (>1 wk) NSAID use. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • tolazamide

                ketoprofen increases effects of tolazamide by unknown mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Risk of hypoglycemia.

              • tolbutamide

                ketoprofen increases effects of tolbutamide by unknown mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Risk of hypoglycemia.

              • tolfenamic acid

                ketoprofen and tolfenamic acid both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and tolfenamic acid both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • tolmetin

                ketoprofen and tolmetin both increase anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen and tolmetin both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • tolvaptan

                ketoprofen and tolvaptan both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • torsemide

                ketoprofen increases and torsemide decreases serum potassium. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • trandolapril

                trandolapril, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • travoprost ophthalmic

                travoprost ophthalmic, ketoprofen. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. There are conflicting reports from studies of either increased or decreased IOP when ophthalmic prostaglandins are coadministered with NSAIDs (either systemic or ophthalmic).

              • trazodone

                trazodone, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of upper GI bleeding. SSRIs inhib. serotonin uptake by platelets.

              • triamcinolone acetonide injectable suspension

                ketoprofen, triamcinolone acetonide injectable suspension. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Concomitant use of NSAIDS and corticosteroids increases the risk of gastrointestinal side effects. .

              • triamterene

                triamterene and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • valsartan

                valsartan and ketoprofen both increase serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

                ketoprofen decreases effects of valsartan by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. NSAIDs decrease synthesis of vasodilating renal prostaglandins, and thus affect fluid homeostasis and may diminish antihypertensive effect.

                valsartan, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: May result in renal function deterioration, particularly in elderly or volume depleted individuals.

              • venlafaxine

                venlafaxine, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of upper GI bleeding. SSRIs inhib. serotonin uptake by platelets.

              • vitamin K1 (phytonadione)

                ketoprofen increases and vitamin K1 (phytonadione) decreases anticoagulation. Effect of interaction is not clear, use caution. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • voclosporin

                voclosporin, ketoprofen. Either increases toxicity of the other by nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with drugs associated with nephrotoxicity may increase the risk for acute and/or chronic nephrotoxicity.

              • vorapaxar

                ketoprofen, vorapaxar. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Additive antiplatelet effect may occur.

              • vortioxetine

                ketoprofen, vortioxetine. Either increases effects of the other by anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor.

              • warfarin

                warfarin and ketoprofen both increase anticoagulation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              • zanubrutinib

                ketoprofen, zanubrutinib. Either increases effects of the other by anticoagulation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Zanubrutinib-induced cytopenias increases risk of hemorrhage. Coadministration of zanubritinib with antiplatelets or anticoagulants may further increase this risk.

              • zotepine

                ketoprofen decreases effects of zotepine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              Minor (73)

              • aceclofenac

                aceclofenac will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • acemetacin

                acemetacin will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • acyclovir

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of acyclovir by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • alendronate

                ketoprofen, alendronate. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. Increased risk of GI ulceration.

              • amikacin

                ketoprofen increases levels of amikacin by decreasing renal clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown. Interaction mainly occurs in preterm infants.

              • aminohippurate sodium

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of aminohippurate sodium by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • anamu

                ketoprofen and anamu both increase anticoagulation. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • aspirin

                aspirin will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • aspirin rectal

                aspirin rectal will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • aspirin/citric acid/sodium bicarbonate

                aspirin/citric acid/sodium bicarbonate will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • balsalazide

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of balsalazide by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • bendroflumethiazide

                bendroflumethiazide will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • cefadroxil

                cefadroxil will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • cefamandole

                cefamandole will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • cefpirome

                cefpirome will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • ceftibuten

                ceftibuten will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • celecoxib

                celecoxib will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • cephalexin

                cephalexin will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • chlorothiazide

                chlorothiazide will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • chlorpropamide

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of chlorpropamide by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • chlorthalidone

                chlorthalidone will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • choline magnesium trisalicylate

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of choline magnesium trisalicylate by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • creatine

                creatine, ketoprofen. Mechanism: pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. (Theoretical interaction) Combination may have additive nephrotoxic effects.

              • cyclopenthiazide

                cyclopenthiazide will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • danshen

                ketoprofen and danshen both increase anticoagulation. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • devil's claw

                ketoprofen and devil's claw both increase anticoagulation. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • diclofenac

                diclofenac will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • diclofenac topical

                diclofenac topical, ketoprofen. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. Although low, there is systemic exposure to diclofenac topical; theoretically, concomitant administration with systemic NSAIDS or aspirin may result in increased NSAID adverse effects.

              • diflunisal

                diflunisal will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • eplerenone

                ketoprofen decreases effects of eplerenone by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Minor/Significance Unknown. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • etodolac

                etodolac will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • fenoprofen

                fenoprofen will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • feverfew

                ketoprofen decreases effects of feverfew by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • flurbiprofen

                flurbiprofen will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • furosemide

                ketoprofen decreases effects of furosemide by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Minor/Significance Unknown. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • ganciclovir

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of ganciclovir by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • gentamicin

                ketoprofen increases levels of gentamicin by decreasing renal clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown. Interaction mainly occurs in preterm infants.

              • hydrochlorothiazide

                hydrochlorothiazide will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • ibuprofen

                ibuprofen will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • imidapril

                ketoprofen decreases effects of imidapril by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Minor/Significance Unknown. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis.

              • indapamide

                indapamide will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • indomethacin

                indomethacin will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • ketorolac

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of ketorolac by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • ketorolac intranasal

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of ketorolac intranasal by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • lornoxicam

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of lornoxicam by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • meclofenamate

                meclofenamate will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • mefenamic acid

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of mefenamic acid by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • meloxicam

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of meloxicam by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • mesalamine

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of mesalamine by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • methyclothiazide

                methyclothiazide will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • metolazone

                metolazone will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • nabumetone

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of nabumetone by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • naproxen

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of naproxen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • neomycin PO

                ketoprofen increases levels of neomycin PO by decreasing renal clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown. Interaction mainly occurs in preterm infants.

              • noni juice

                ketoprofen and noni juice both increase serum potassium. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • ofloxacin

                ofloxacin, ketoprofen. Other (see comment). Minor/Significance Unknown. Comment: Risk of CNS stimulation/seizure. Mechanism: Displacement of GABA from receptors in brain.

              • oxaprozin

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of oxaprozin by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • parecoxib

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of parecoxib by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • paromomycin

                ketoprofen increases levels of paromomycin by decreasing renal clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown. Interaction mainly occurs in preterm infants.

              • piroxicam

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of piroxicam by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • rose hips

                rose hips will increase the level or effect of ketoprofen by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • salicylates (non-asa)

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of salicylates (non-asa) by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • salsalate

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of salsalate by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • streptomycin

                ketoprofen increases levels of streptomycin by decreasing renal clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown. Interaction mainly occurs in preterm infants.

              • sulfasalazine

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of sulfasalazine by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • sulindac

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of sulindac by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • tobramycin

                ketoprofen increases levels of tobramycin by decreasing renal clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown. Interaction mainly occurs in preterm infants.

              • tolfenamic acid

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of tolfenamic acid by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • tolmetin

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of tolmetin by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • triamterene

                triamterene, ketoprofen. Other (see comment). Minor/Significance Unknown. Comment: Risk of acute renal failure. Mechanism: NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis, which normally protect against nephrotoxicity.

                ketoprofen increases toxicity of triamterene by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Minor/Significance Unknown. NSAIDs decrease prostaglandin synthesis, increasing the risk of nephrotoxicity.

              • valganciclovir

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of valganciclovir by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

              • vancomycin

                ketoprofen increases levels of vancomycin by decreasing renal clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown. Interaction mainly occurs in neonates.

              • willow bark

                ketoprofen will increase the level or effect of willow bark by acidic (anionic) drug competition for renal tubular clearance. Minor/Significance Unknown.

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              Adverse Effects

              >10%

              Increased liver function test (up to 15%)

              Dyspepsia (12%)

              1-10%

              Dizziness (3-9%)

              Headache (3-9%)

              Impaired renal function disorder (3-9%)

              Upper GI ulcers, 3-6 mth treatment; 2-4%,1 yo treatment)

              Nausea (>3%)

              Diarrhea (>3%)

              Abdominal pain (>3%)

              Constipation (>3%)

              Flatulence (>3%)

              Rash (1-3%)

              Stomatitis (1-3%)

              Insomnia (1-3%)

              Malaise (1-3%)

              Depression (1-3%)

              Ketoprofen-induced peptic ulcer, GI bleeding (>2% in long-term studies);

              Peripheral edema (2%)

              Bronchospasm (<2%)

              Myocardial infarction (<2%)

              <1%

              Congestive heart failure (<1%)

              Hypertension (<1%)

              Scaling eczema, Stevens-Johnson syndrome (<0.1%)

              Gastrointestinal hemorrhage (<1%)

              Gastrointestinal perforation (<1%)

              Melena (<1%)

              Agranulocytosis (<1%)

              Anemia (<1%)

              Thrombocytopenia (<1%)

              Hepatitis (<1%)

              Anaphylactoid reaction (<1%)

              Immune hypersensitivity reaction

              Cerebrovascular accident

              Interstitial nephritis (<1%)

              Renal failure (<1%)

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              Warnings

              Black Box Warnings

              Cardiovascular Risk

              • NSAIDs may increase risk of serious cardiovascular thrombotic events, myocardial infarction (MI), & stroke, which can be fatal
              • Risk may increase with duration of use
              • Patients with risk factors for or existing cardiovascular disease may be at greater risk
              • NSAIDs are contraindicated for perioperative pain in the setting of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery (increased risk of MI & stroke)

              Gastrointestinal Risk

              • NSAIDs increase risk of serious GI adverse events including bleeding, ulceration, & perforation of the stomach or intestines, which can be fatal
              • GI adverse events may occur at any time during use & without warning symptoms
              • Elderly patients are at greater risk for serious GI events

              Contraindications

              Absolute: ASA allergy

              Relative: Bleeding disorders, hepatic disease, peptic ulcer, stomatitis, ulcerative colitis, upper GI disease, late pregnancy (may cause premature closure of the ductus arteriosus)

              Cautions

              Use caution in asthma (bronchial), cardiac disease, CHF, HTN, renal impairment, SLE

              Long-term administration of NSAIDs may result in renal papillary necrosis and other renal injury; patients at greatest risk include the elderly, or those with impaired renal function, hypovolemia, heart failure, liver dysfunction, salt depletion, and individuals taking diuretics, ACE inhibitors, or ARBs

              Heart Failure (HF) risks

              • NSAIDS have the potential to trigger HF by prostaglandin inhibition that leads to sodium and water retention, increased systemic vascular resistance, and blunted response to diuretics
              • NSAIDS should be avoided or withdrawn whenever possible
              • AHA/ACC Heart Failure Guidelines; Circulation. 2016; 134
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              Pregnancy & Lactation

              Pregnancy Category: B; D in late pregnancy because of inhibition of ductus arteriosus closure

              The Quebec Pregnancy Registry identified 4705 women who had spontaneous abortions by 20 weeks' gestation; each case was matched to 10 control subjects (n=47,050) who had not had spontaneous abortions; exposure to nonaspirin NSAIDs during pregnancy was documented in approximately 7.5% of cases of spontaneous abortions and in approximately 2.6% of controls. (CMAJ, September 6, 2011; DOI:10.1503/cmaj.110454)

              Lactation: unknown whether excreted in breast milk, not recommended

              Pregnancy Categories

              A: Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

              B: May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

              C: Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

              D: Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

              X: Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

              NA: Information not available.

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              Pharmacology

              Mechanism of Action

              Inhibits synthesis of prostaglandins in body tissues by inhibiting at least 2 cyclooxygenase isoenzymes, cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and -2 (COX-2)

              May inhibit chemotaxis, may alter lymphocyte activity, decrease proinflammatory cytokine activity, and may inhibit neutrophil aggregation. These effects may contribute to its anti-inflammatory activity

              Pharmacokinetics

              Bioavailability: 90%

              Duration: 6 hr (immediate release)

              Onset: <30 min (immediate release)

              Peak Plasma Time: 0.5-2 hr (immediate release); 6-7 hr, fasting, ER; 9 hr, non-fasting, ER

              Peak Plasma Concentration: 3.2-4.8 mcg/mL, (50 mg); 5.5-10.1 mcg/mL, (100 mg); 13.1 mcg/mL (150 mg); extended-release 3.1 mg/L, fasting, 3.4 mg/L, non-fasting

              Protein Bound: 99%

              Vd: 0.1 L/kg

              Metabolism: Liver

              Metabolites: Glucuronide conjugate of ketoprofen, hydroxylated metabolites; at least 3 unidentified conjugates have been detected.

              Dialyzable: Yes

              Enzymes inhibited: Cyclooxygenase

              Half-life:2-4 hr (immediate release); 3-7.5 hr (ER)

              Excretion: Urine 50-90% as glucuronide conjugates; feces 1-8%

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              Images

              BRAND FORM. UNIT PRICE PILL IMAGE
              ketoprofen oral
              -
              200 mg capsule
              ketoprofen oral
              -
              25 mg capsule
              ketoprofen oral
              -
              50 mg capsule
              ketoprofen oral
              -
              75 mg capsule
              ketoprofen oral
              -
              75 mg capsule
              ketoprofen oral
              -
              50 mg capsule
              ketoprofen oral
              -
              50 mg capsule

              Copyright © 2010 First DataBank, Inc.

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              Patient Handout

              Patient Education
              ketoprofen oral

              KETOPROFEN - ORAL

              (kee-toe-PRO-fen)

              COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Orudis

              WARNING: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (including ketoprofen) may rarely increase the risk for a heart attack or stroke. This effect can happen at any time while taking this drug but is more likely if you take it for a long time. The risk may be greater in older adults or if you have heart disease or increased risk for heart disease (for example, due to smoking, family history of heart disease, or conditions such as high blood pressure or diabetes). Do not take this drug right before or after heart bypass surgery (CABG). Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of taking this drug.This drug may rarely cause serious (rarely fatal) bleeding from the stomach or intestines. This effect can occur without warning at any time while taking this drug. Older adults may be at higher risk for this effect. (See also Precautions and Drug Interactions sections.)Stop using ketoprofen and seek immediate medical attention if you notice any of the following rare but serious side effects: bloody or black/tarry stools, persistent stomach/abdominal pain, vomit that looks like coffee grounds, chest/jaw/left arm pain, shortness of breath, unusual sweating, weakness on one side of the body, sudden vision changes, trouble speaking.

              USES: Ketoprofen is used to relieve pain from various conditions. It also reduces pain, swelling, and joint stiffness from arthritis. This medication is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It works by blocking your body's production of certain natural substances that cause inflammation. This effect helps to decrease swelling, pain, or fever.If you are treating a chronic condition such as arthritis, ask your doctor about non-drug treatments and/or using other medications to treat your pain. See also Warning section.

              HOW TO USE: If you are taking the over-the-counter product, read all directions on the product package before taking this medication. If your doctor has prescribed this medication, read the Medication Guide and, if available, the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist before you start taking ketoprofen and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.Take this medication by mouth, usually 3 to 4 times a day with a full glass of water (8 ounces or 240 milliliters), or as directed by your doctor. Do not lie down for at least 10 minutes after taking this drug. If stomach upset occurs while taking this medication, take it with food, milk, or an antacid.Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. To reduce your risk of stomach bleeding and other side effects, take this medication at the lowest effective dose for the shortest possible time. Do not increase your dose, take it more frequently, or take it for a longer time than prescribed. Do not take the over-the-counter product for more than 10 days unless otherwise directed. For ongoing conditions such as arthritis, continue taking this medication as directed by your doctor. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor or pharmacist.If you are taking this drug "as needed" (not on a regular schedule), remember that pain medications work best if they are used as the first signs of pain occur. If you wait until the pain has worsened, the medicine may not work as well.If you are taking this medication for migraine headache and the pain is not relieved, or if it worsens after the first dose, tell your doctor right away.For certain conditions (such as arthritis), it may take up to 2 weeks of taking this drug regularly until you get the full benefit.If your condition worsens, if you develop new symptoms, or if you think you may have a serious medical problem, seek immediate medical attention.

              SIDE EFFECTS: See also Warning section.Upset stomach, constipation, diarrhea, dizziness, lightheadedness, drowsiness, loss of appetite, or headache may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.If your doctor has directed you to use this medication, remember that your doctor has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.This medication may raise your blood pressure. Check your blood pressure regularly and tell your doctor if the results are high.Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: fainting, fast/pounding heartbeat, hearing changes (such as ringing in the ears), mental/mood changes (such as confusion, depression), persistent/severe headache, stomach pain, vision changes (such as blurred vision), symptoms of heart failure (such as swelling ankles/feet, unusual tiredness, unusual/sudden weight gain).Tell your doctor right away if any of these rare but serious side effects occur: easy bruising/bleeding, signs of kidney problems (such as change in the amount of urine), signs of infection (such as fever, chills, persistent sore throat), symptoms of meningitis (such as unexplained stiff neck, fever).This drug may rarely cause serious (possibly fatal) liver disease. Seek immediate medical attention if you have any symptoms of liver damage, including: dark urine, stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes/skin.A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: fever, swollen lymph nodes, rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

              PRECAUTIONS: Before taking ketoprofen, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs-NSAIDs (such as ibuprofen, naproxen, celecoxib); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.Before taking this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: asthma (including a history of worsening breathing after taking aspirin or other NSAIDs), bleeding or clotting problems, blood disorders (such as anemia), heart disease (such as previous heart attack), high blood pressure, liver disease, growths in the nose (nasal polyps), throat/stomach/intestinal problems (such as bleeding, heartburn, ulcers), stroke, swelling of the ankles/feet/hands.Kidney problems can sometimes occur with the use of NSAID medications, including ketoprofen. Problems are more likely to occur if you are dehydrated, have heart failure or kidney disease, are an older adult, or if you take certain medications (see also Drug Interactions section). Drink plenty of fluids as directed by your doctor to prevent dehydration and tell your doctor right away if you have any unusual change in the amount of urine.This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you more dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness until you can do it safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you are using marijuana (cannabis).This medicine may cause stomach/intestinal bleeding. Daily use of alcohol and tobacco, especially when combined with this medicine, may increase your risk for stomach bleeding. Limit alcohol and stop smoking. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more information.This medication may make you more sensitive to the sun. Limit your time in the sun. Avoid tanning booths and sunlamps. Use sunscreen and wear protective clothing when outdoors. Tell your doctor right away if you get sunburned or have skin blisters/redness.Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).Older adults may be at greater risk for stomach/intestinal bleeding, kidney problems, heart attack, and stroke while using this drug.Before using this medication, women of childbearing age should talk with their doctor(s) about the benefits and risks. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or if you plan to become pregnant. This medication may harm an unborn baby and cause problems with normal labor/delivery. It is not recommended for use in pregnancy from 20 weeks until delivery. If your doctor decides that you need to use this medication between 20 and 30 weeks of pregnancy, you should use the lowest effective dose for the shortest possible time. You should not use this medication after 30 weeks of pregnancy.It is unknown if this drug passes into breast milk or may harm a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

              DRUG INTERACTIONS: Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.Some products that may interact with this drug include: aliskiren, ACE inhibitors (such as captopril, lisinopril), angiotensin II receptor blockers (such as losartan, valsartan), lithium, methotrexate, corticosteroids (such as prednisone), other medications that may affect the kidneys (including cidofovir, "water pills"/diuretics such as furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide, triamterene).This medication may increase the risk of bleeding when taken with other drugs that also may cause bleeding. Examples include anti-platelet drugs such as clopidogrel, "blood thinners" such as dabigatran/enoxaparin/warfarin, among others.Check all prescription and nonprescription medicine labels carefully since many medications contain pain relievers/fever reducers (aspirin, NSAIDs such as ibuprofen or naproxen). These drugs are similar to ketoprofen and may increase your risk of side effects if taken together. However, if your doctor has directed you to take low-dose aspirin to prevent heart attack or stroke (usually 81-162 milligrams a day), you should continue taking the aspirin unless your doctor instructs you otherwise. Daily use of ketoprofen may decrease aspirin's ability to prevent heart attack/stroke. Talk to your doctor about using a different medication (such as acetaminophen) to treat pain/fever. If you must take ketoprofen, talk to your doctor about possibly taking immediate-release aspirin (not enteric-coated/EC) and then taking your ketoprofen at a different time after your aspirin. Do not increase your daily dose of aspirin or change the way you take aspirin/other medications without your doctor's approval.

              OVERDOSE: If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call a poison control center right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: severe stomach pain, vomit that looks like coffee grounds, extreme drowsiness, slow/shallow breathing.

              NOTES: If your doctor has prescribed this medication for you, do not share it with others.Laboratory and/or medical tests (such as blood pressure, complete blood count, liver and kidney function tests) may be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.If you have arthritis, lifestyle changes (such as weight loss if needed, strengthening/conditioning exercises) may help improve your flexibility and joint function. Consult your doctor for specific instructions.

              MISSED DOSE: If you are taking this medication on a regular schedule (not just "as needed") and you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. Take your next dose at the regular time. Do not double the dose to catch up.

              STORAGE: Store at room temperature between 68-77 degrees F (20-25 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.

              Information last revised August 2021. Copyright(c) 2021 First Databank, Inc.

              IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

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              Formulary

              FormularyPatient Discounts

              Adding plans allows you to compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.

              To view formulary information first create a list of plans. Your list will be saved and can be edited at any time.

              Adding plans allows you to:

              • View the formulary and any restrictions for each plan.
              • Manage and view all your plans together – even plans in different states.
              • Compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.
              • Access your plan list on any device – mobile or desktop.

              The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.

              Tier Description
              1 This drug is available at the lowest co-pay. Most commonly, these are generic drugs.
              2 This drug is available at a middle level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "preferred" (on formulary) brand drugs.
              3 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs.
              4 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
              5 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
              6 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
              NC NOT COVERED – Drugs that are not covered by the plan.
              Code Definition
              PA Prior Authorization
              Drugs that require prior authorization. This restriction requires that specific clinical criteria be met prior to the approval of the prescription.
              QL Quantity Limits
              Drugs that have quantity limits associated with each prescription. This restriction typically limits the quantity of the drug that will be covered.
              ST Step Therapy
              Drugs that have step therapy associated with each prescription. This restriction typically requires that certain criteria be met prior to approval for the prescription.
              OR Other Restrictions
              Drugs that have restrictions other than prior authorization, quantity limits, and step therapy associated with each prescription.
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              Medscape prescription drug monographs are based on FDA-approved labeling information, unless otherwise noted, combined with additional data derived from primary medical literature.