phosphoric acid/dextrose/fructose (OTC)

Brand and Other Names:Children's Emetrol
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Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatric

Not indicated

Dosage Forms & Strengths

phosphoric acid/dextrose/fructose

oral solution

  • (21.5mg/1.87g/1.87g)/5mL

Nausea

Indicated for relief of upset stomach associated with nausea

<2 years: Safety and efficacy not established 2-12 years: 5-10 mL PO; may repeat q15min until symptoms subsides

For maximum effectiveness do not dilute or drink fluids of any kind immediately before or after taking this product

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Adverse Effects

Frequency Not Defined

Flatulence

Abdominal pain

Diarrhea

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Warnings

Contraindications

Hereditary fructose intolerance

Cautions

Diabetes; product contains sugar

Antacids may alter gastric pH and interfere with absorption of some concurrent medications

Discontinue and contact physician if symptoms persist, return, or worsen

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Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy Category: C

Lactation: Unknown if distributed in human breast milk

Pregnant or breastfeeding patients should seek advice of health professional before using OTC drugs

Pregnancy Categories

A: Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

B: May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

C: Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

D: Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

X: Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

NA: Information not available.

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Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

Phosphoric acid: Antacid; phosphorated carbohydrate solution which neutralizes stomach acid

Dextrose and fructose: Hyperosmolar carbohydrate solutions have a direct effect on the GI tract wall, resulting in reduced GI smooth muscle contraction

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Images

No images available for this drug.
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Patient Handout

A Patient Handout is not currently available for this monograph.
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Medscape prescription drug monographs are based on FDA-approved labeling information, unless otherwise noted, combined with additional data derived from primary medical literature.